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White-nose syndrome, named for a distinctive fungal growth around the muzzles and on the wings of hibernating bats, was first identified in Vermont caves in 2008. The poorly understood disease has been associated with the death of millions of North American bats. As of 2013 five of Vermont’s six cave dwelling bat species are listed as either State endangered, threatened or Federally endangered. Each spring biologists capture bats to learn more about their habitat needs as well as keeping tabs on the health of the existing population.